Tell it to the Yemenis, Chileans, Guatemalans, etc.
A WALL Commentary
“America always stands for freedom,” declared Senator Rob Portman (R-OH), co-chairman of the Senate’s Ukraine Caucus (1/30/22, “Meet the Press”).
The context was his endorsement of U.S. militarization of Ukraine and other countries bordering Russia. But the statement brought to mind America’s long-standing military support for oppressive regimes.
Pursuing an unabashed pro-tyranny policy by three successive presidents, America has been helping the absolute monarchy of oil-rich Saudi Arabia wage an air war against the impoverished people of Yemen. Come March, the war will be seven years old.
An official “Biden-Harris 2020” statement of Joe Biden’s foreign policy promises said, “He will end our support for the Saudi-led war in Yemen.” (It appeared under the subheading, “End Forever Wars.” At least two other campaign documents repeated the Yemen pledge.)
Over a year into his presidency, the U.S. continues to support the lawless assault on Yemen—the bombing of its homes, hospitals, markets, buses, the harbor, and so on—just as it did under Trump and Obama before him.
Biden claims to have limited the support to “defense,” but the monarchy’s offensive use of U.S. munitions, aircraft maintenance and parts, and logistical and intelligence help goes on. Recently he allowed the sale to the Saudis of $650 million in supposedly “defensive” arms. These will surely increase Yemeni fatalities.
A recent air raid on a Yemen jail that killed some 80 people used American munitions. A dozen members of Congress have asked Biden to cancel the contract permitting what appeared to be a war crime.
The death toll in the Yemen war nears 400,000, according to a United Nations estimate. About 70 percent of the victims are babies and tots under 5. Two-fifths of the deaths come directly from war; three-fifths result from disease and hunger.
Recent intensifying of the bombings has
made it harder to deliver aid, upon which many Yemenis
depend for survival. A researcher in Yemen says both
sides—the Houthi rebels and their foes, the Saudis and
their Emirati allies—use food as a weapon while people starve. Yet UNICEF carries on.
Saudi aid is illegal
The U.S. war aid violates both international and federal law. Aside from complicity in the Saudis’ violation of international humanitarian law by their targeting of civilians, the military aid violates two U.S statutes:
In April 2019 the House of Representatives approved a Senate joint resolution (introduced by Sen. Bernard Sanders, I-VT) to withdraw U.S. forces from Yemen, inasmuch as their presence was not authorized by Congress. But President Trump vetoed it and the majority lacked the required 2/3 vote to override.
A veto might have been avoided. Section 5(c) of the War Powers Resolution (1973) says whenever U.S. armed forces “are engaged in hostilities” abroad “without a declaration of war or specific statutory authorization, such forces shall be removed by the President if the Congress so acts by concurrent resolution.” A concurrent resolution is not subject to veto. (In recent years, both Rep. Ro Khanna, D-CA, and Rep. Peter Defazio, D-OR, introduced 5[c] resolutions aiming at exiting Yemen, but the measures expired.)
Although critics have called the provision void, as a legislative veto, scholars made a case for its validity in Ohio State Law Journal and Yale Law Journal (both 1984): It recovers Congress’s power to declare war when a president usurps that power by waging unauthorized war. Why must Congress meet the 2/3 obstacle to uphold a constitutional power? Let critics note the legislative veto in the law governing arms sales.
Saudi Arabia’s monarchy is but one of scores of oppressive regimes that the United States has supported militarily. Yet the bromide of U.S. "leadership of the free world" persists.
Freedom House rated 50 regimes “not free.” David Swanson, writer and peace activist, determined in 2020 that the U.S. was supplying weapons to 41 of them (82 percent):
Before hunting Saddam Hussein, FP related, the U.S. helped him, knowing he was attacking Iranians with poison gas.
Nicholas J. S. Davies, independent journalist, compiled an annotated list of 35 countries “where the U.S. has supported fascists, drug lords, and terrorists.” Among them was Ukraine (2014): “ The U.S. is backing Ukraine's extreme right-wing Svoboda party and violent neo-Nazis whose armed uprising paved the way for a Western-backed coup.”
An editor implicated the CIA and School of the Americas in continual torture and killing by Guatemala, Chile, Argentina, and other oppressive regimes in Latin America.
Another one of many such lists enumerates some 70 authoritarian regimes supported by the U.S., advising that it’s incomplete. Photos show tyrants being greeted by Henry Kissinger, Donald Rumsfeld, and Presidents Nixon and Obama.
Richard Stockton, free-lance writer, wrote that the U.S. had aligned itself with brutal dictatorships that killed hundreds of thousands of their people. He covered five countries: Brazil, Chile, Romania, South Korea, and Uzbekistan.
In South America, U.S.-aided coups overthrew democratically elected presidents Goulart and Allende in Brazil and Chile in the sixties and seventies respectively, installing dictatorships of Generals Branco and Pinochet. During their 20- and 15-year reigns, they had legions tortured and executed. Also discussed: Ceausescu in Romania, Rhee and Park in Korea, and Karimov in Uzbekistan and how the U.S. helped them.
Beg your pardon, Senator. America does not always stand for freedom.
By Paul W. Lovinger
Feb. 2, 2022